Western Civilization Final Exam
Part One: Identify Five of the Following Terms (Ten will appear on the exam)
Agincourt, Saint Anselm, Philip Augustus, Pico della Mirandola, Saint Thomas Aquinas,
Pilgrimage, William Marshall, Andreas Capellanus, Vasari, Romanesque, Raphael,
Capetian Dynasty, Lectio, serfs, 3-field system, sextants, Cluny, Investiture Crisis, Magna Carta
Holy Lance, Wat Tyler, Jerusalem, Tympaneum, condottieri, Alexis Comnenus, Gregory VII,
St. Odo, Peter the Hermit, Louis the Fat, Abbot Suger, disputation, architectonic, Notre Dame of
Chartres, Pedro the Cruel, sextant, Statute of Laboreres, Wat Tyler, Fulcher of Chartres
Robert the Monk
Part Two: answer two of the following questions: Five of these will appear on the exam
1) Compare and contrast the architecture, political situation and philosophy of the Romanesque and Gothic periods.
2) Assess the validity of the following statement: “The ideal of the chivalric knight is diametrically opposed to that of the monk.”
3) How did the Black Death affect demography, politics, economics, agriculture and the family.
Tip: consider the before and after
4) The demographic crisis that Ancient Rome faced meant the destruction of the empire. After the Black Plague Western Europe soon entered into a period of unprecedented growth. How was Medieval Europe’s response different than that of Ancient Rome and to what degree does the nature of that response explain the economic take-off.
5) Explore the repercussions of the switch from a gift economy to a profit economy on economics, politics, and religion.
6) You are Peter the Hermit, on your way to the crusade you encounter a group of peasants, then a group of knights, and finally a group of merchants. You, of course, try to convince each to go on a Crusade. Reproduce your harangue. Like any good preacher be sure to fit your material to your audience.
7) How and why was Renassaince Art different than Gothic art. Be sure to consider what brought about the Gothic and Renaissance aesthetics.
8) Is The Prince similar to the art of the Renaissance?
9) (For Monday and Wednesday class only)
You are Niccolo Machiavelli. You have just received a letter from Henry VIII King of England, Ireland and France (Yes that was his title)
I have read your little treatise called the prince and found it very interesting. Yet I wonder why you have not included any of my illustrious forebears in your work. Can you send me a note explaining your thoughts about William the Conqueror, Henry II, Charlemagne, Philip Augustus, William Rufus, St. Louis, Henry I, John II, or Louis the Fat. You know that's a cool name, maybe I should eat more. I have enclosed a picture of my glorious self.
Reproduce a section of the letter that evaluates at least three of the aforementioned monarchs. See me if you want to consider some other king.